Christmas in Sweden: A Celebration of Rich Traditions

Christmas in Sweden: A Celebration of Rich Traditions

Christmas in Sweden is a magical time filled with rich traditions that have been passed down through generations. From the enchanting decorations to the delicious food, the Swedish people truly know how to celebrate this special holiday. In this article, we will explore some of the most cherished Christmas traditions in Sweden.

Advent and Lucia Day

The Christmas season in Sweden begins with the observance of Advent, which starts on the fourth Sunday before Christmas. Swedes mark each Sunday leading up to Christmas with the lighting of a candle on an Advent wreath. This tradition helps build anticipation for the festive season.

Another significant event during the Christmas season is Lucia Day, celebrated on December 13th. On this day, a young girl is chosen to portray Lucia, wearing a white gown and a crown of candles. She leads a procession, accompanied by other children, singing traditional songs. This beautiful tradition honors Saint Lucia, who is believed to bring light to the darkness of winter.

Decorations and Lights

Swedish homes and streets come alive with beautiful decorations and lights during the Christmas season. One iconic symbol is the Advent star, a large, illuminated star that adorns many windows. It represents the Star of Bethlehem and brings warmth and light to the long, dark winter nights.

Another popular decoration is the Julbock, or Christmas goat. Made of straw, it is a symbol of Christmas and is often placed under the Christmas tree. Many towns in Sweden even erect large-scale straw goats as a centerpiece for their holiday festivities.

Traditional Food

Christmas is a time for indulging in delicious Swedish cuisine. One of the most beloved dishes is the Julbord, a festive buffet that includes a variety of traditional foods. Smorgasbord, a selection of open-faced sandwiches, herring, meatballs, and different types of fish are just a few examples of the mouthwatering delicacies that can be found on a typical Julbord.

No Swedish Christmas celebration would be complete without the iconic gingerbread cookies, known as pepparkakor. These spiced treats are often shaped into hearts, stars, and other festive figures and are enjoyed by both children and adults alike.

Santa Lucia and Tomte

In addition to Santa Claus, Sweden has its own unique Christmas characters. Santa Lucia, dressed in a white gown with a crown of candles, is the bearer of light and is often portrayed by a young girl. She visits schools, hospitals, and nursing homes, spreading joy and bringing light to those in need.

Another beloved figure is the Tomte, a mythological creature similar to a gnome. The Tomte is believed to protect the home and bring good fortune to the family. It is customary to leave a bowl of porridge or a plate of food for the Tomte on Christmas Eve as a token of appreciation.

Christmas Markets and Festivities

Throughout Sweden, Christmas markets spring up, offering a festive atmosphere and a chance to find unique gifts and crafts. These markets are a hub of activity, with vendors selling everything from handmade ornaments to traditional Swedish delicacies.

One of the most famous Christmas markets is the Skansen Christmas Market in Stockholm. Here, visitors can experience the charm of a traditional Swedish Christmas, with stalls selling traditional crafts, food, and drinks. Carol singing, dancing around the Christmas tree, and even a visit from Santa Claus himself are all part of the festivities.


Christmas in Sweden is a time of joy, warmth, and rich traditions. From the lighting of Advent candles to the delicious Julbord feast, each tradition adds to the magic of the season. Whether it’s the beautiful decorations, the delightful food, or the heartwarming customs, Christmas in Sweden is truly a celebration to be cherished.

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