Canada is a sovereign country, but it has a long and complicated history with the United Kingdom. So, does Britain still control Canada?
A Brief History of Canada-UK Relations
The first European settlers in Canada were French, but the British eventually took control of the territory. In 1763, the Treaty of Paris ended the Seven Years’ War, and France ceded control of Canada to Britain.
Canada remained a British colony for over a century. During this time, the British government played a significant role in Canadian politics and society. However, Canada gradually gained more autonomy, and by the late 19th century, it was effectively self-governing.
The Statute of Westminster (1931)
The Statute of Westminster was a major turning point in Canada-UK relations. This act of the British Parliament granted Canada full legal independence. This meant that Canada was no longer subject to the laws of the British Parliament, and it could make its own laws and constitution.
The Canada Act (1982)
The Canada Act was another important step in Canada’s journey to full independence. This act patriated the Canadian constitution, meaning that it was no longer under the jurisdiction of the British Parliament. The Canada Act also gave Canada the power to amend its own constitution.
The Current Relationship Between Canada and the UK
Today, Canada and the UK are two independent countries with a close relationship. They are both members of the Commonwealth of Nations, and they share a common head of state, Queen Elizabeth II. However, Canada is not a part of the United Kingdom, and it does not have to follow the laws of the British Parliament.
Canada is a sovereign country, and it does not have to follow the laws of the British Parliament. The Canada Act (1982) gave Canada full legal independence, and the Canada Act (1982) patriated the Canadian constitution. Today, Canada and the UK are two independent countries with a close relationship, but Canada is not a part of the United Kingdom.