if a state has one house it is called ?


India is a federal parliamentary democratic republic with a bicameral legislature at the national level. However, the states in India have a different system of governance. Each state has its own unicameral or bicameral legislature based on the state’s size and population. In this article, we will focus on the name of the legislature body in Indian states with one house.

The One House Legislature in Indian States


A one-house legislature, also known as a unicameral legislature, is a legislative body with a single chamber. In India, a few states have a unicameral legislature, while others have a bicameral legislature with two houses.

States with a Unicameral Legislature

Currently, India has seven states with a unicameral legislature, and they are:

  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Telangana
  • Goa
  • Mizoram
  • Nagaland
  • Sikkim
  • Arunachal Pradesh

Name of the Legislature Body

The unicameral legislature in these states is called the Legislative Assembly. The members of the Legislative Assembly are elected by the people of the state through an electoral process. The Legislative Assembly is responsible for enacting laws, passing the state budget, and overseeing the functioning of the state government.

Advantages and Disadvantages of a Unicameral Legislature


There are several advantages to having a unicameral legislature in a state, such as:

  • Cost-effective: A unicameral legislature is cost-effective as it requires fewer resources and infrastructure than a bicameral legislature.
  • Efficient decision-making: A unicameral legislature can make decisions more efficiently as there is only one legislative body.
  • Accountability: A unicameral legislature ensures greater accountability as there is only one legislative body responsible for the state’s governance.


However, a unicameral legislature also has its disadvantages, such as:

  • Lack of checks and balances: A unicameral legislature lacks the checks and balances provided by a second chamber in a bicameral legislature.
  • Limited representation: A unicameral legislature may not represent the diversity of views and opinions in the state as well as a bicameral legislature.


In conclusion, a state with one house in India has a unicameral legislature, and it is called the Legislative Assembly. While there are advantages to having a unicameral legislature, it also has its drawbacks. Each state must consider its unique circumstances and needs before deciding whether to adopt a unicameral or bicameral legislature.

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