Is Rajasthan a Poor State?


Rajasthan, a state located in the northwestern part of India, is known for its rich history, vibrant culture, and majestic forts and palaces. However, when it comes to economic indicators, Rajasthan has often been associated with poverty and underdevelopment. In this blog post, we will explore the economic conditions of Rajasthan and examine whether it can be considered a poor state.

Economic Indicators

When evaluating the economic status of a state, various indicators are taken into consideration. These indicators include the poverty rate, per capita income, literacy rate, and access to basic amenities such as healthcare and education.

In terms of poverty, Rajasthan has historically had a higher poverty rate compared to the national average. According to the latest data from the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), the poverty rate in Rajasthan stood at 14.7% in 2019-20, slightly higher than the national average of 13.4%. While this indicates that a significant portion of the population in Rajasthan is living below the poverty line, it is important to note that the poverty rate has been declining in recent years.

Another important indicator is the per capita income, which reflects the average income earned by individuals in the state. In Rajasthan, the per capita income was estimated to be ₹1,03,227 (approximately $1,400) in the financial year 2019-20. Although this is lower than the national average, it is essential to consider the cost of living and the state’s economic structure when comparing income levels.

Challenges and Initiatives

Rajasthan faces several challenges that contribute to its economic conditions. One of the key challenges is the arid and semi-arid climate, which limits agricultural productivity and poses a significant hurdle for the predominantly rural population. Additionally, the state has a high dependence on traditional industries such as handicrafts and tourism, which are vulnerable to fluctuations in demand and external factors.

However, the government of Rajasthan has implemented various initiatives to address these challenges and improve the economic conditions of the state. The state government has focused on promoting industries such as textiles, information technology, and renewable energy to diversify the economy and create employment opportunities. Additionally, initiatives like the Mukhyamantri Nishulk Dava Yojana (free medicine scheme) and the Bhamashah Swasthya Bima Yojana (health insurance scheme) have been launched to enhance access to healthcare services for the population.

Education and Literacy

Education plays a vital role in the overall development of a state. In Rajasthan, the literacy rate has shown significant improvement over the years. As per the Census 2011, the literacy rate in Rajasthan was 66.11%, which is lower than the national average but represents a considerable increase from previous years. The state government has been actively working towards improving access to quality education and reducing the gender gap in literacy.


While Rajasthan has faced economic challenges and has a higher poverty rate compared to the national average, it would be unfair to label it solely as a poor state. The state government’s initiatives, coupled with improvements in education and literacy, are gradually transforming the economic landscape of Rajasthan. It is crucial to acknowledge the progress made and the potential for further growth and development in the future.

Rajasthan is a state with immense cultural heritage and a resilient population that is striving for a better future. By addressing the challenges and leveraging its strengths, Rajasthan has the potential to overcome its economic hurdles and emerge as a prosperous state in the years to come.

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