The process of formation of new states in India is a complex and multi-faceted one that involves various constitutional, political, and administrative steps. The following are the main steps involved in the formation of new states in India:
- Demand for a new state: The formation of a new state begins with the demand for it by the people of a particular region. This demand can be raised by political parties, social groups, or individuals through various means such as petitions, agitations, and public meetings.
- Commission or Committee: The government of India can appoint a commission or committee to study the demand for a new state and recommend the feasibility of creating it. This commission or committee will study various factors such as economic viability, administrative convenience, linguistic and cultural identity, and social and political factors.
- State Reorganization Act: After the commission or committee submits its report, the government of India can introduce a bill in the parliament for the reorganization of states. This bill is known as the State Reorganization Act and it outlines the details of the proposed new state such as its boundaries, capital, and administration.
- Parliamentary Approval: The State Reorganization Act must be passed by both houses of the parliament and receive the president’s assent to become law. This law lays down the legal framework for the formation of the new state.
- Administrative Preparation: Once the State Reorganization Act becomes law, the government of India will take necessary administrative steps to establish the new state. This includes the formation of a new government, the appointment of officials, and the allocation of resources.
- Official Notification: The government of India will issue an official notification declaring the formation of the new state and the date from which it will become operational.
The process of formation of new states in India is a complex and time-consuming one that involves various constitutional, political, and administrative steps. It requires the support of political parties, social groups, and the general public for its successful implementation.