what does haegeum mean ?


The haegeum is a traditional Korean musical instrument that has been around for over 1,000 years. It is a two-stringed instrument that is played with a bow and is known for its unique sound. In this article, we will explore the meaning and significance of the haegeum in Korean music.

Meaning of Haegeum:

The word “haegeum” is composed of two Korean words: “hae” and “geum.” “Hae” means “together” or “united,” while “geum” means “stringed instrument.” Therefore, the term “haegeum” can be translated as “a united or combined stringed instrument.”

Significance of Haegeum:

The haegeum is considered one of the most important instruments in traditional Korean music. It is often used to play the leading melody in ensembles and orchestras. The unique sound of the haegeum is due to its construction, which includes a resonator made from bamboo and a soundbox made from paulownia wood.

Features of Haegeum:

The haegeum has a number of unique features that set it apart from other stringed instruments. Some of these features include:

  1. The two strings of the haegeum are made from silk, which gives it a softer and more delicate sound.
  2. The bow used to play the haegeum is made from horsetail hair, which is believed to produce a more refined sound.
  3. The haegeum has a sliding bridge that can be moved to adjust the pitch of the instrument.
  4. The haegeum is played vertically, with the musician holding the instrument on their lap.

Uses of Haegeum:

The haegeum is used in a variety of traditional Korean music genres, including:

  1. Court music – the haegeum is often used in court music ensembles, where it is played alongside other traditional instruments such as the gayageum and the daegeum.
  2. Folk music – the haegeum is also commonly used in traditional Korean folk music, where it is often played in ensembles with other stringed instruments such as the geomungo and the ajaeng.
  3. Contemporary music – the haegeum is also used in contemporary Korean music, where it is sometimes incorporated into pop songs and other modern genres.


The haegeum is a unique and important instrument in traditional Korean music. Its soft and delicate sound, along with its distinctive construction, have made it a favorite of musicians and audiences alike for over a thousand years. Its versatility and adaptability have also made it a popular instrument in contemporary music. Whether used in court music, folk music, or modern pop songs, the haegeum remains an important part of Korean musical culture.

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