what is the speed of chandrayaan 3 ?

Introduction

Chandrayaan-3 is the third lunar exploration mission by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It consists of a lander and the Pragyan rover, similar to Chandrayaan-2, but does not have an orbiter. Its propulsion module behaves like a communication relay satellite.

The speed of Chandrayaan-3 varies throughout its journey to the moon. The peak speed is reached during the Earth-moon transfer orbit, when the spacecraft is accelerating to reach the moon. The average speed is lower, as the spacecraft slows down as it approaches the moon.

The peak speed of Chandrayaan-3 is estimated to be around 11.7 kilometers per second (7.3 miles per second). This is the speed required to escape the Earth’s gravity and reach the moon.

The average speed of Chandrayaan-3 is estimated to be around 5 kilometers per second (3.1 miles per second). This is the speed at which the spacecraft travels between the Earth and the moon.

The launch of Chandrayaan-3

Chandrayaan-3 was launched on July 14, 2023, from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, India. The launch was successful, and the spacecraft entered a 100-kilometer circular polar orbit around the Earth.

The propulsion module of Chandrayaan-3 is responsible for carrying the lander and rover to the moon. The propulsion module is powered by a liquid-fueled engine, which is used to accelerate the spacecraft during the Earth-moon transfer orbit.

The lander and rover are separated from the propulsion module when the spacecraft reaches the moon. The lander will then land on the moon, while the rover will explore the lunar surface.

The journey to the moon

The journey from Earth to the moon for Chandrayaan-3 is estimated to take about a month. The spacecraft will travel through three stages during its journey:

  1. The Earth-moon transfer orbit: This is the first stage of the journey, when the spacecraft is accelerating to reach the moon. The peak speed is reached during this stage.
  2. The lunar orbit insertion: This is the second stage of the journey, when the spacecraft enters a lunar orbit. The spacecraft slows down during this stage.
  3. The soft landing: This is the third and final stage of the journey, when the lander lands on the moon. The lander uses its retrorockets to slow down and land safely on the lunar surface.

The speed of Chandrayaan-3

The speed of Chandrayaan-3 varies throughout its journey to the moon. The peak speed is reached during the Earth-moon transfer orbit, when the spacecraft is accelerating to reach the moon. The average speed is lower, as the spacecraft slows down as it approaches the moon.

The peak speed of Chandrayaan-3 is estimated to be around 11.7 kilometers per second (7.3 miles per second). This is the speed required to escape the Earth’s gravity and reach the moon.

The average speed of Chandrayaan-3 is estimated to be around 5 kilometers per second (3.1 miles per second). This is the speed at which the spacecraft travels between the Earth and the moon.

Conclusion

Chandrayaan-3 is a complex mission, and its speed is a critical factor in its success. The peak speed of the spacecraft is required to escape the Earth’s gravity, while the average speed is needed to travel between the Earth and the moon.

The success of Chandrayaan-3 will depend on its ability to reach the moon safely and land on the lunar surface. The speed of the spacecraft is a key factor in its success, and ISRO has carefully designed the mission to ensure that the spacecraft reaches its destination safely.

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